The Different Types of US Visas

Immigrating to the United States provides people with many opportunities for improving their lives. However, these immigration laws is quite complex that it creates plenty of confusion. There are different visa options that are available for individuals who desire to migrate to the United States. Here we will look at the different types of visas that applicants can consider:

1. Family-Based Visas

The US immigration policy places a huge importance on family unification. Immigration laws permit US citizens as well as lawful permanent residents to bring their family members to the country. There are 480,000 family-based visas available per year. They are accepted as either immediate relatives or via the family preference system. The former includes the following:

  • Spouses of US citizens
  • Unmarried minor children of US citizens who are less than 21 years old
  • Parents of US citizens who are at least 21 years old

The latter, on the other hand, includes the following:

  • Adult children both married or unmarried as well as brothers and sisters. However, the petitioner should be at least 21 years old to petition for a sibling
  • Spouses and unmarried minor and adult children of lawful permanent residents

2. Working or Employment-based Visas

There are two categories of working visas namely Temporary and Permanent Immigration. It is issued by the US Citizenship and Immigration Services and is also called Employment Authorization Document (EAD). It is shown to employers to show their eligibility to work. All employes are required to request for the Ead or face sanctions.

For temporary visas, there are over 20 types that are available ranging from intracompany transfers (L-visas), athletes, entertainers and skilled performers (P-visas), and others. The applicants are normally sponsored by an employer or certain job offer. Permament working visas are limited to 140,000 a year and are divided into 5 preferences, each with a yearly numerical limit.

3. Refugee Visas

Refugees are individuals who are unable to return to their home country for fear of getting persecuted as a result of their race, membership in a social group, political opinion, and others. Application can be done from a “transition country” outside of their home country. Admission to the United States depends on various factors such as the degree of risk, membership in a group that is of special concern to the United States and whether or not they have families in the country.

4. Lottery System

Established under the Immigration Act of 1990, the Diversity Visa Lottery serves as a dedicated channel for immigrants from countries with low immigration rates in the United States. Every year, 55,000 visas are randomly allotted to citizxens of countries that have sent less than 50,000 immigrants to the US in the previous 5 years. Originally designed for immigrants from Ireland, the program has become the lone channel for individuals from certain regions in the world to become a green card holder.

5. Humanitarian Visas

There are also visas that are issued on special cases.

Temporary Protected Status (TPS). This is given to individuals who are in the United States but unable to return to their home country due to “natural disaster,” “extraordinary temporary conditions,” or “ongoing armed conflict.” It can be granted for 6, 12, or 18 months, or longer as long as the unsafe condition in the country is still present.

Deferred Enforced Departure (DED). DED provides protection from deportation for people whose home countries are unstable which makes return risky. However, DED is authorized at the discretion of the executive branch.

Parole. These are individuals who do not qualify as a refugee or to immigrate using other channels. They are admitted to the United States on a temporary basis for urgent humanitarian reasons or significant public benefit.

Porch Collapses

Porches are large traffic areas and are frequently used during social gatherings. The truth that porches are often simply extensions of the home and may as well not have exactly the same load-bearing capacity as the house itself might be the reasons why there have been numerous examples of a porch falling causing severe injuries and possibly even fatalities.

This may be a premises liability situation, should you or someone close to you suffer injuries because of porch collapse. Premises liability in a porch failure continues to be definitely established in the circumstance notwithstanding architectural issues since the landlord had control on the usage of the construction. Under normal use, the porch fall wouldn’t have happened in the event the sociable gathering had not been permitted by the landlord.

An incident in IL where two porches collapsed underneath the weight around 30 people, leaving the remainder hurt and also 13 dead, is said to have been due to structural flaws in the verandas rather than negligence or lack of upkeep. There have now been some concerns concerning if the town inspectors’ lack of citations involving this structural dilemma could be among the causes for the failure. But, the tribunals did not provide any credence to this theory, as well as the landlord of the condominium complex, bore the brunt of the liability via the building’s underwriters.

In this incident, the landlord should have known that there was a threat of damage if the verandas were subjected to loads beyond what they can safely tolerate. Based on the website of Habush Habush & Rottier S.C., porch owners have to be sure of the safety of individuals on a veranda or otherwise not allow them to be on the unstable porch.

Truck-related Federal Laws: Mandates Trucking Firms Should not Fail to Comply With

Due to the enormous size of freight trucks, also called big rigs or 18-wheelers, the government passed federal laws which everyone in the trucking industry, from owners to all truck-related workers, should strictly observe. These laws address different issues, such as proper truck maintenance, hiring and training of qualified drivers and other workers, and maximum number of hours of service.

There are thousands of big rigs, tractor trailers and semi-trucks that are driven on US roads and highways every day, making it quite impossible for anyone not to share the road with a few of these whenever he or she drives.

Because of the many accidents reported to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety’s Highway Loss Data Institute and the US Department of Transportation and the large number of lawsuits (both) involving trucks, it is common for drivers of smaller vehicles to feel uncomfortable and threatened driving alongside these huge vehicles. A valid emotion, considering the fact that close to half a million accidents involving trucks occur every year – accidents that injure about 130,000 drivers and other vehicle occupants, and which cause the untimely death of more than 5,000 others.

It is very common for trucks to be driven for thousands of miles at a time, an activity that results to two major concerns: fatigued and sleepy drivers, and essential truck parts (like the brakes and tires) that are subjected to greater wear and tear. These situations make it a must for trucking companies to: regularly check their vehicles to make sure that these will never be threats on the road as soon as these leave the (truck) depot; and, never require their drivers to drive more than the maximum 11 hours of service. These requirements are mandated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), the US Department of Transportation agency that is tasked to ensure that crashes, injuries and deaths due to large trucks (and buses) are reduced.

Despite the FMCSA mandates, many trucking companies still remain negligent in their duty of making sure that their trucks are properly maintained. This negligence often leads to brake system failure and/or tire failure which, in turn cause tragic road accidents.

To many an Oklahoma personal injury lawyer, negligence is synonymous with potential dangers. In any type of profession, if there is someone negligent in his or her duties, then another, more likely than not, is bound to get hurt. Even courts see negligence as the common cause of all personal injuries and, since negligence can easily be dispelled by simple diligence, then personal injuries are always preventable occurrences.

Trucking firms are guilty of grave negligence whenever these, intentionally or unintentionally, fail to comply with federal laws aimed at keeping trucks from getting involved in tragic road accidents. This is why these are legally required by courts to compensate anyone who gets injured because of their irresponsible acts.

Product Recalls: Should you be Worried?

There were no less than six products recalled in a single day, April 16, 2015, according to the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) for various reasons. These are all household or clothing products that anyone may have in their homes right now. These include:

  • Children’s Sensory Grab Garb Blankets by Goochie Goo Garbs (laceration hazard)
  • Electric Blower Vacuums by Homelite (fire and burn hazards)
  • Electric Blower Vacuums by OWT Industries (fire and burn hazards)
  • Hyland Bicycles with Aluminum Civia Fenders by Civia Cycles (fall hazard)
  • Walk Power Mowers by Toro (injury hazard)
  • Women’s scarves by Gena Accessories (burn hazard)

In most cases, there was a defect in the design, which could cause injuries. In others, there appears to be a manufacturing defect. Whatever the cause of the recall, it has historically been very difficult for people to keep abreast with what products should be avoided or returned, based on the CPSC’s recommendations. It is perfectly possible that one or more of the items above is currently in someone’s home just waiting to cause injury.

According to the website of the Sampson Law Firm, product manufacturers have an ongoing responsibility to make sure that the products they sell are safe to use. People are, of course, expected to exercise reasonable caution, especially when handling an inherently dangerous product. However, if the product is dangerous because of design or manufacture, then it will not matter if the consumer is careful.

The company may argue that they issued a recall, and it is the look out of the consumer to find out about it. This is not at all true. Consumers have a right expect that the products they buy are safe to use or consume. Even if the product has been recalled, the manufacturer still remains liable for any serious injuries that may ensue.

If you have serious injuries from unknowingly using a recalled product, you should consult with a product liability lawyer in your area. Manufacturers would like to get away with their negligence; do not let them.

Did You Know Filing for Bankruptcy Could Help You?

Find yourself in quite a bit more than a pickle, financially? It might not surprise you to know that you’re not alone. As a matter of fact, there are a lot of Americans who find themselves financially struggling. Whether this is due to a further legal matter, medical expenses, student loans, mortgages, credit statements, or something – there is almost always something that holds your average citizen back. Some of the time, these debts can get a bit overwhelming. This can even go to the point where you become sleepless and anxious over every little phone call and every ring of your doorbell, thinking it’s someone to come to take everything you’ve worked for away. Well, there is a solution for that – and it might not be the road you thought you would ever be willing to go on.

Filing for bankruptcy has received quite the negative reputation. A lot of people think that when you file for bankruptcy, that that’s it – it’s all over and bedrock from there on out. Well, that is simply not the case at all. When you are financially struggling, whether you are filing as an individual citizen or as a business owner, this legal pursuit could be the only thing holding your head above water among these debts that threaten to drown you.

Ask any Waco bankruptcy lawyer, even, as some of the best ones know exactly what it is like to be in your position. Just be honest with your lawyer and tell them everything that is needed for this kind of claim. Having legal assistance can help you be properly represented in a court of law, giving you the best possible chance at having a financial plan that could get you financially stabilized faster and more efficiently than you ever thought possible. It is a pressuring, complicated procedure to decide on your own, given all the intricate details that do make a claim like this so complex, and so it is advisable for you to seek legal expertise for your individual case with regard to filing for bankruptcy.

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